|No. Of Questions in Quiz||20 with Explanation|
|Time for each Questions||60 Second|
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#1. Species are considered as
#2. Which of the following is less general in characters as compared to genus?
(a) : A taxonomic hierarchy is the sequence of
arrangement of taxonomic categories in a descending
order during the classification of an organism. There
are seven obligate categories kingdom, division ,
class, order, family, genus and species. Species is the
lowest category while kingdom is the highest category.
The number of common characters is maximum in case
of organisms placed in the lowest category. Number
of common characters decreases with the rise in
category. Species are the smallest group of individuals
which can be recognized by ordinary methods as
groups and which are consistently and persistently
different from other groups because their characters
are less general.
#3. One of the most important functions of botanical gardens is that
12. (c) : Ex situ conservation means “offsite
conservation”. It is the process of protecting
endangered species of plants and animals by removing
it from an unsafe or threatened habitat and placing it
or part of it under the care of humans. Botanical
garden serve as ex situ conservation of germplasm of
different plants, to maintain rare and endemic plant
species and also to provide recreation and knowledge
about plants to a common man.
#4. The label of a herbarium sheet does not carry information on
(d) :A herbarium is a collection of plants, which
have been dried, pressed, mounted on herbarium
sheets, identified and classified according to some
approved system of classification. The storage of
herbarium sheets forms a repository for future use. A
printed label (7 × 12 cm) giving the following
information is fixed on the lower, right corner of
(i) Scientific name of plant (ii) Common/vernacular
name (iii) Family (iv) Locality (v) Date of collection
(vi) Collection number (vii) Name of collector (viii)
Plant characteristics (optional) (ix) Name of
#5. The living organisms can be unexceptionally distinguished from the nonliving things on the basis of their ability for
#6. The common characteristics between tomato and potato will be maximum at the level of their.
(a) : Potato (Solanum tuberosum) and tomato
(Lycopersicum esculentum) both belong to family
Solanaceae, which is commonly called as the “potato
family”. Many plants belonging to this family are
sources of vegetables, fruits etc.
#7. ICBN stands for
10. (a) : The International Code of Botanical
Nomenclature (ICBN) is a set of rules and
recommendations dealing with the formal botanical
names given to plant. The foundations of ICBN are
given in book written by C. Linnaeus named
Philosophia Botanica. It is independent of zoological
nomenclature. The rank of species is basic and relative
order of the ranks of taxa are as : species, genus,
tribe, family, order, series, class, division and
The different ranks or categories have following
specific endings of their names as division – phyla,
#8. Which one of the following animals is correctly matched with its particular taxonomic category?
(a) : Binomial nomenclature system of naming
organisms using a twopart Latinized (or scientific)
name that was devised by the Swedish botanist
Linnaeus (Carl Linne); it is also known as the
Linnaean system. The first part is the generic name,
the second is the specific name. Zoological name of
tiger is Panthera tigris. So, tigris is species name of
#9. Which one of the following organisms is scientifically correctly named, correctly printed according to the International Rules of Nomenclature and correctly described?
(b) : Plasmodium falciparum is a protozoan
parasite, one of the species of Plasmodium that causes
malaria in humans. Being digenetic, its life cycle is
complete in two hosts — man and mosquito. Its sexual
cycle is completed in female Anopheles mosquito and
infective individuals called sporozoites are formed.
Which are transmitted to humans with the bite of
infected female Anopheles. Asexual cycle is passed
in man in two phases. Malaria caused by P.
falciparum (also known as aestivoautumnal,
malignant tertian or pernicious malaria) is the most
dangerous form of malaria, with the highest rate of
complication and mortality. In this case fever cycle is
of 48 hours and is often fatal to patient as it affects
Scientific name of common house lizard is
Hemidactylus whereas Musca domestica is the
scientific name of common housefly. Scientific name
of Indian tiger is Panthera tigris. Full name of E.coli
is Escherichia coli
#10. Which one of the following is not a correct statement?
(a) : Museums have collections of preserved
plant and animal specimens for study and reference.
Specimens are preserved in the containers or jars in
preservative solutions. Plant and animal specimens
may also be preserved as dry specimens. Insects are
preserved in insect boxes after collecting, killing and
pinning. Larger animals like birds and mammals are
usually stuffed and preserved. Museums often have
collections of skeletons of animals too.
#11. Static concept of species was put forward by
#12. Biosystematics aims at
(c) : Biosystematics is the study of identification,
nomenclature classification and relationships amongst
living beings. In other words, it is the study of diversity
of organisms, their comparative and evolutionary
relationships based on comparative anatomy, ecology,
physiology, biochemistry and other fields.
#13. Which one of the following aspects is an exclusive characteristic of living things?
#14. Nomenclature is governed by certain universal rules. Which one of the following is contrary to the rules of nomenclature?
(c) : Biological names are derived either from
Latin language or are latinised. This is because Latin
language is a dead language and therefore it will not
change in form or spellings with the passage of time.